The Osceola (Florida) Wild Turkey can only be found in Florida, and for that reason hunters prize these birds because of their unique and small distribution. The primary distribution is the center two-thirds of the Florida peninsula and the bird is often found in scrub patches of palmetto and near swamp areas. An estimated 80,000 to 100,000 birds are believed to live throughout the central peninsula, but due to the density of the swamps and other surrounding habitat, an accurate estimate of the population is difficult.
Osceola has a variety of foods in their diet ranging from grapes, blackberries, beechnut , acorns, and grain, such as corn and oats. They also enjoy eating insects such as grasshoppers and beetles and on occasion will eat amphibian prey such as small lizards and frogs located near the edge of swamp areas.
Osceola turkeys have been known to start gobbling as early as January in southern Florida and mating 3-4 weeks following. Hens lay their eggs typically in mid-April laying an average of 8 – 12 eggs. Young turkeys (also known as poults) will start hatching in mid-May. The incubation period for the Osceola Turkey is 26 – 28 days, similar to their close relative the Eastern Wild Turkey.